Probiotics May Reduce Gastrointestinal Problems in Infantsby Dr. Cathy Wong 25-Apr-2014
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Gastrointestinal disorders are common among the children. Today, many children are suffering from stomachache, colic etc. all related to gastrointestinal disorders. These disorders make the infant crying more than usual. These become one of the common reasons for pediatrician visits in the first 3 months and that can lead to parental anxiety.
Research studies are going on to find out the relevant remedy for the disorder. One of the efficient ways to prevent the disease is to provide them with probiotic during first three months of infancy. By introducing the new method of providing lactobacilli bacteria, could solve the related reflux, infant colic etc. Acid reflux, infant colic and constipation are the most noted gastrointestinal diseases examined by the pediatrician. According to various studies, these are common due to feeding changes, use of drugs, parental anxiety, hospitalization etc.
Probiotics are essential bacteria’s that helps in maintaining the intestinal health and are an aid in proper digestion. They are nowadays referred to as “FRIENDLY GERMS”. They also keep the harmful bacteria’s under control in the guts i.e. bacteria and yeast. This current finding of probiotic gives great promise to the world of science and medicine. This preventive strategy has gained popularity within much time.
Researchers reveal that the probiotic administration may prevent these harsh conditions. They come from various food sources. They can be taken in, in many forms such as capsules, yogurts, tablets, powders and other foods, in case of young adults.
The main outcomes include reduction in crying time, constipation and reduction in crying time. Probiotic supplementation helped to prevent gastrointestinal disorders in infants to a great extent. They improve cell density visceral sensitivity and intestinal permeability. The probiotic supplement helped the parents and the society to spend much less money for the infant on the onset of these disorders.
Probiotic therapies draw attention to the potential health benefits. Efforts lead widely to reinforce cheap preventive measures. These therapies may cut infants crying time to nearly half. This will reduce the severity of gastrointestinal disorders in infants. Research was done on 554 newborns and change in daily crying time, vomiting, constipation, etc was noted during the first three months. The parents were asked to keep a record on the number of evacuations and bowel motions, inconsolable crying intervals, vomiting episodes, and the number of pediatrician visits. In addition, they were asked to supply lactobacillus orally without any delay. It is found that the three months old infants who received lactobacillus reuteri cried and vomited less than what is expected. During these durations, the average crying time and evacuation per day differ greatly in both probiotic and placebo groups.
1. Crying time 38 vs. 71 min
2. Evacuations 4.2 vs. 3.6
3. Regurgitation 2.9 vs. 4.6
This study revealed that infants receiving a daily dose of probiotic Lactobacillus proved fewer episodes of crying, constipation etc. Usage of this would readily reduce the health care expenses.
Gastroesophageal reflux is one the gastrointestinal disorders that have been noted recently. Future studies will specify clearly the criteria that are to be met while using probiotics in infants. However, the current findings are found to be encouraging by the medicinal organizations. They preferred to have additional well-designed clinical trials.